Top Blockchain Platforms in 2021

April 9, 2021

Blockchain is the technology that forms the basis of the digital currencies like Bitcoin, but it has much broader implications and is being commercialized in an increasing variety of fields. Due to the obvious fresh opportunities it opens up in financial markets, the public sector, and other sectors, it has sparked a lot of curiosity in technology circles and beyond.

Blockchain networks make it possible to create blockchain-based apps also called dApps. They can be both permissionless and permissioned. 

Here is a summary of the top blockchain frameworks used by businesses to develop blockchain-based apps. While others are fundamentally blockchain businesses, some are well-known brands who have embraced the emerging technology.  Regardless of who's on the list and who not, it is imperative that blockchain should be used to improve tomorrow.

Ethereum

Ethereum is a framework and programming language that allows every developer to create and distribute next-generation decentralized applications.

Because of hardware compatibility, Ethereum can be used to codify, decentralize, protect, and trade almost anything: voting, domain names, financial markets, investing, corporate governance, contracts and agreements of all kinds, intellectual property, and even smart property.

Ethereum uses the decentralized consensus principle that makes bitcoin so robust while making it trivial to expand on its base. 

Whitepaper: Ethereum I Website: Ehtereum

Hyperledger Fabric

Hyperledger is an open source community project that was established to accelerate cross-industry blockchain technology. It is a multinational alliance between finance, banking, Digital revolution, engineering, distribution networks, and tech pioneers. Under the auspices of the Linux Foundation, Hyperledger is hosted.  

Hyperledger does not advocate for a specific blockchain codebase. Instead, it encourages a global developer community to collaborate and exchange innovations, infrastructure, and code.

Whitepaper: Hyperledger Fabric I Website: Hyperledger Fabric

IBM Blockchain

With distributed ledger technologies and IBM Blockchain, you can extend the boundaries of trustworthy data sharing and workflow. Right now, forward-thinking businesses are banding together to use IBM Blockchain to change the way their enterprises operate. IBM is moving the corporate community into a new age of teamwork and creativity, from a cleaner, smarter, and more efficient food supply to supply chains free of legacy procedures and paperwork.

It is difficult to persuade conventional partners and long-standing rivals to take the ambitious steps needed for blockchain transformation. So equipment that obstructs the mechanism should be the last thing to slow it down.

That is why, through Red Hat® OpenShift®, technological innovators switch to the IBM Blockchain Network, the leading Hyperledger Fabric platform for building, operating, governing, and growing blockchain applications throughout every computing setting.

Whitepaper: IBM Blockchain I Website: IBM Blockchain 

Corda

Corda is a next-generation blockchain technology designed for the needs of highly controlled institutions, delivering privacy, scalability, and stability, making it the DLT platform of preference for financial services and beyond.

It includes the key features of Corda open source as well as the additional market specifications you would anticipate and need when licensing enterprise applications, such as round-the-clock support, consistent update dates, high performance, and support for industry standard enterprise databases.

White Paper: Corda I Website: Corda

EOS.IO

EOSIO is a pioneering open-source blockchain software and success network. EOS.IO is used by companies and developers all over the world to build stable, open, and deterministic digital infrastructures.

The platform is a blockchain framework built for real-world use, and it is widely regarded as the most performant blockchain platform. It is designed for public or private blockchain networks, as well as permissioned or permissionless blockchain infrastructure. With rich role-based security permissions and industry-leading throughput, EOS.IO is also adaptable to a wide variety of business needs across industries. 

Furthermore, it is intended for secure application processing.

White Paper: EOS I Website: EOS

OpenChain

The International Standard for open source license enforcement is maintained by the OpenChain Project. This enables businesses of all sizes and industries to implement the core specifications of a quality open source compliance program. This is an open standard, and all parties are invited to participate in our culture, share their experience, and help shape our standard's future.

Their aim is to design a supply chain in which open sourcing is supplied with reliable and consistent enforcement details. And their goal is to create specifications for software supply chain participants to achieve successful open source management, so that the requirements and related collateral are established collaboratively and freely by members from the software supply chain, open source community, and academia.

White Paper: OpenChain I Website: OpenChain

Stellar

Stellar is an open-source currency and payment network. Stellar allows you to build, deliver, and exchange digital copies of every kind of money—dollars, pesos, bitcoin, and pretty much anything else. It is intended for all of the world's financial structures to collaborate on a common network.

Stellar isn't owned by any individual; rather, the public owns it. The program operates on a decentralized, distributed network which processes millions of transactions every day. Stellar, like Bitcoin and Ethereum, uses blockchain to hold the network synchronized, but the end-user interface is more akin to cash—Stellar is much simpler, quicker, and much more energy-efficient than traditional blockchain-based networks.

Whitepaper: Stellar I Website: Stellar

Tezos

Tezos is a decentralized, open-source blockchain network that can perform peer-to-peer transfers and function as a forum for smart contract deployment. The tez, denoted by the symbol XTZ, is the native cryptocurrency for the Tezos blockchain. The Tezos network had over 400 block validating nodes (bakers) as of January 2021.

Even if the network has the ability to accommodate far more transactions, the vast majority of transactions on Tezos today are mainly to preserve consensus and are not for more substantive operations, such as executing smart contracts.

Whitepaper: Tezos I Website: https://tezos.com/

Ripple 

Ripple offers instant gross settlement system, currency exchange, and remittance network developed by Ripple Labs Inc., a technology firm headquartered in the United States. Ripple, which debuted in 2012, is based on a shared open source protocol and accepts tokens containing fiat money, bitcoin, goods, and other units of value such as frequent flier miles or smartphone minutes. Ripple claims to be able to facilitate "secure, instantaneous, and virtually free global financial transactions of any scale with no chargebacks." The ledger makes use of the native cryptocurrency XRP.

Ripple Labs and two of its executives were sued by the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) in December 2020 for trading XRP tokens, which the SEC listed as unregistered securities.

Whitepaper: Ripple  I Website: Ripple

Quorum

ConsenSys Quorum allows businesses to use Ethereum for high-value blockchain applications. Businesses may depend on the Quorum open-source protocol layer and create high-performance, scalable applications on top of it by integrating product modules from ConsenSys, other businesses, or your own in-house development team.

Whitepaper: Quorum I Website: Quorum 

NEO

Da HongFei and Erik Zhang created Neo (formerly Antshares) in 2014 as an open-source blockchain decentralized application portal. The project's vision has been to realize a "smart economy" by using blockchain technologies and smart contracts to issue and handle digitized properties since its rebranding to Neo from Antshares in 2017.

The network is based on a proof-of-stake decentralized Byzantine fault tolerant (dBFT) consensus protocol between a number of centrally authorized nodes and can handle up to 10,000 transactions per second. The non-divisible Neo coin, which produces GAS tokens, is the foundational asset of the Neo blockchain. These GAS tokens, which are a different commodity on the network, can be used to pay transaction fees and have a smallest unit of 0.00000001.

Whitepaper: NEO I Website: NEO 

MultiChain

The MultiChain technology is a network that allows users to create private Blockchains that can be used for financial transactions by organizations. MultiChain provides us with a basic API and a command-line interface. This aids in the preservation and establishment of the chain.

The visibility of the Blockchain should always be actively maintained within the selected participants to prevent confusions and to ensure stability and control over which transactions occur. Mining should be achieved more efficiently with the aid of proof of work and the costs associated with it. This Blockchain model, on the other hand, only transacts with the accounts authenticated by the chain's members.

Whitepaper: MultiChain Website: MultiChain 

Hydra Chain

Hydra is a permissionless, open-source, proof-of-stake blockchain based on some of the most developed open-source technology, including QTUM, Bitcoin, Ethereum, and Pavel Vasin's PoV v3 for BlackCoin.

Hydra's philosophy is to incorporate essential economic functionality by using validated data transfer technologies. It has a set inflation in order to encourage stakeholder and market actors to contribute to its true decentralized architecture, in addition to a host of other special economic features.

Hydra runs in the UTXO accounting model while supporting EVM as an additional layer.

Whitepaer: Hydra Chain I Website: Hydra Chain 

IOTA

IOTA is a blockchain and open-source distributed ledger designed for the Internet of Things (IoT). It stores transactions on its ledger using a guided acyclic graph, and is inspired by the opportunity for greater scalability over blockchain-based distributed ledgers.

IOTA does not use miners to verify transactions; instead, users must accept two prior transactions and perform a limited amount of proof of work before issuing a new transaction. As a result, contracts can be given without payments, enabling microtransactions.

David Snsteb, Dominik Schiener, Sergey Ivancheglo, and Serguei Popov founded the IOTA ledger in 2015.

Whitepaper: IOTA I Website: IOTA 

LeewayHertz

Leewayhertz, among other services is a Full-Stack Blockchain Development Company in the United States, assists developers and corporations in using the blockchain-based decentralized network. Their Blockchain Development Team leverages technology skills, product culture, and expertise to create applications that bring new levels of openness, productivity, and automation to their clients' business processes.

The company delivers custom blockchain platform technologies with their hands-on expertise with blockchain technology, if you choose to create peer-to-peer decentralized applications, corporate dApps, or self-executing smart contracts.

Whitepaper: LeewayHertz I Website:  LeewayHertz

Dragonchain

Dragonchain is a blockchain technology pioneer, with encryption and scalability at the core of its operations. The company is  headquartered in the United States and is part of one of the most technologically advanced societies in the world. They assist businesses in entering the blockchain space more quickly, without requiring them to alter their current IT infrastructure.

Dragonchain, a Blockchain as a Service provider founded by veteran veterans of the software community, recognizes the demands of businesses and is structured to address common challenges across multiple industries. To best serve your company needs, Dragonchain has business-ready apps and developer-friendly integrations.

Whitepaper: Dragonchain I Website: Dragonchain 

Note: The list is not exhaustive or sorted in any particular order.

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